Skin Conditions, Diseases And Problems

A large percentage of individuals have to deal with skin conditions or diseases. Though in general, some are fairly common and do not seem to be serious, there are definitely cases that are more extreme than others.

Dermatology is a branch of medicine that focuses exclusively on diseases of the skin and other areas of the body that are related. It can also include the examination of the hair, scalp, and nails.

Problems that exist on the epidermis can be frustrating; unlike a number of the ailments within the body, most that involve this organ are apparent and can be seen by those around us. Things like psoriasis, eczema, and acne, depending on their seriousness and severity, can be quite visible and noticeable.

The symptoms of these conditions may not technically be as serious or painful as others, but they can definitely be emotionally harmful when others are worried about their appearance because of them. Understanding these ailments usually requires being familiar with their symptoms and causes.

PSORIASIS

Psoriasis is a skin condition that involves the thickening of the skin in some areas, as well as red or scale-like patches, or plaques. It is chronic, meaning that it has the propensity to return, even after treatment.

With this disease, the cells of the outer layer of the skin multiply at a quicker than normal pace, causing the skin to thicken and have a different texture. They also have the ability to adhere to one another more tightly, which prevents them from being shed off naturally like cells on a body that are not affected by the disease.

Because of this, they can build up and create patches resembling scales. The build-up is unfamiliar to the white blood cells of the body, and they try to combat it, resulting in redness and inflammation.

This disease can affect anyone from, really, any group; it does not discriminate between one gender and age. Many are first affected in infancy, while others do not experience it until adulthood or their elderly years; there are also those that experience it throughout their lives.

Psoriasis can be made worse by outside sources and seasonal changes, including medications, detergents, and trauma to the skin. It is fairly harmless, and can usually be reduced through the help of medication, understanding and avoiding triggers, UV rays, and changing your lifestyle.

ECZEMA

Similar to this disease is the condition known as eczema. Determining the difference between the two can be difficult, even for dermatologists.

They have fairly similar symptoms, though it is usually more likely for eczema flare-ups to be more oozy and moist than those with psoriasis; the main difference is usually where the scales associated with both pop up on the body.

Psoriasis usually tends to appear on extensor surfaces, whereas, eczema is more likely to show up on flexor surfaces. It is best to pay a visit to a dermatologist when you notice any kind of indication of either of these conditions. They should be able to assist you in determining how to combat them and what kind of treatments or medications you can utilize to alleviate the problem. Another fairly common skin ailment that can change an individual’s look and possibly be apparent to others is acne.

ACNE

Acne is the presence of blemishes or clogged pores on the skin. It is caused by a disorder or problem with the pores, hair follicles, and sebaceous glands.

This junction of these body parts is called pilosebaceous units; there are more found on the face, upper back/neck, and chest. Because of this, these areas are more prone to acne and blemish problems, though almost any skin area can be affected.

Acne, itself, can be caused by a larger degree of bacteria or obstructed follicles on the skin. Some individuals are simply more prone to experiencing this issue than others, whereas some may develop the ailment because of heredity or lack of proper hygiene and skin care.

Sometimes, it can be difficult to predict who will be affected; it tends to pop up during the years of adolescence when sebum production is at its highest level. However, some teens and young adults may never experience acne or its symptoms, while others find it to be very apparent and almost socially debilitating.

Those that experience problems because of acne may wish to pay a visit to a doctor or dermatologist to receive information on how they can possibly treat the issue. There are a number of different medications that may benefit them in their quest for clear skin.

All of these conditions do have the propensity to be treated; if they are unable to be completely “cured,” then they can usually at least be kept at bay so that the individual suffering from them does not experience flare-ups or breakouts. Diseases of the skin, though maybe not as painful or dangerous as some of the others that one may experience, are still an issue that should be treated for an individual’s health and well-being.

Skin Cancers

Skin cancer is becoming more prevalent in our society, and it kills more people each year. It seems as more Americans have fun in the sun, they pay later when skin cancer attacks. Melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and basal cell carcinoma are the three most common types of skin cancer. They all have different characteristics but they are all dangerous, especially if they are left untreated.

BASAL CELL CARCINOMA

This is the most common form of skin cancer. The cancers are usually small and oval-shaped, and sometimes red or pink colored. Often waxy and hard, they are usually removed by surgery which can cure up to 95 percent of cases. If these cancers are not treated, then patients may need extensive surgery or even more invasive radiation treatment.

SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA

This is the second most common form of skin cancer. The appearance of these types of cancers differs from basal cell. They are usually red and rough and can be crusty or an open sore. These cancers can grow and spread quite quickly and can attack deeper tissues under the top layer of skin. Surgery is the most common kind of treatment for squamous cell carcinomas. The surgeon will usually remove the tumor and surrounding skin to make sure it does not spread. Luckily, surgery cures at least 90 percent of these types of cancers.

MELANOMA

Melanoma is the third most common form of skin cancer, but it has become more prevalent. It is the most deadly form of the three skin cancers. The melanomas resemble moles and so often they go unnoticed. Usually, melanomas are asymmetrical, uneven in color, larger than the size a pencil eraser, and edges are indistinct or blurry. If these cancers are removed early enough, 95 percent of the patients face an excellent prognosis.

EARLY DETECTION IS KEY

Finding these cancers early is the best way to treat them. Dermatologists recommend that people perform a full-body exam every three months, including the head, scalp, hands, and soles of the feet. People often miss early detection in these areas. If any changes in the skin are found, or new moles are found, then patients should see their doctor.
Prevention of skin cancer is the best way to avoid it. Luckily, it’s easy. Stay out of the sun, and use a good-quality sunscreen whenever you are outside.

5 Effective Tips On How To Get Rid Of Acne

There are four major causes that cause acne; these are hyperactive oil glands, clogged pores, bacteria, and inflammation of hair follicles.

During times of stress and when a person is undergoing puberty, the affected hormones and enlarged oil glands also cause acne to be more prominent.

Acne can also affect persons in varying severities and can come in different forms. In order to know how to get rid of acne, it’s best to understand first what type of acne you have.

Acne falls under two major classifications, inflammatory and non-inflammatory:

Inflammatory acne

Papule – mild types of acne and appear as tender soft red bumps.

Pustule – these are small round lesions which are inflamed and contain pus.

Nodule – much larger types of acne with pus-filled lesions and are very painful.Acne

Acne conglobata – a rare type of acne but more serious, acne conglobata is usually found on the buttocks, back, and chest.

Non-inflammatory acne

Whitehead– small and form under the skin.

Blackhead – wherein you can see the presence of a dark pigment within the skin; and oftentimes appear very small and can be in minimal numbers or as a group.

Once you know what type of acne you have, it will help you to know how to get rid of acne. There are several types of medications and treatments on the market as well as some lifestyle changes you can make for getting rid of acne.

Here are some of them:

A gentle soap can help you reduce breakouts if you wash twice a day. This will help in getting rid of acne because throughout the day, as your skin is exposed to dirt, grime, pollution, sweat, bacteria, and cigarette smoke, this can cause acne breakouts.

A helpful tip which will not only keep you healthy inside and out but also get rid of acne is to exercise. Sweating will remove excess toxins from your body and restores hormone levels which will help how to get rid of acne.

Additionally, exercise is a great way to overcome stress, one of the things that trigger acne breakouts.

Benzoyl peroxide is affordable over the counter medication which is effective in helping you to get rid of acne.

However, this is only recommended for mild types of acne. Applying this after you wash your face and before you go to sleep can greatly assist in getting rid of acne.

You can also use salicylic acid as a regular treatment[acne treatment]; it’s effective for getting rid of acne. Remember that it must be used regularly; you may start having acne again once you stop using it.

Your dermatologist or doctor may recommend antibiotics to get rid of acne, especially if these are severe and extreme types. A common type of antibiotic prescribed for acne is tetracycline, but make sure that you don’t self-medicate. Some antibiotics will need extra care in usage, such as making you more sensitive to sunlight upon medication.